Captain M.S. Kholi (INDIA)
First man in the world to introduce trekking in the himalayas
Manmohan Singh Kohli, Mohan to friends, is highly successful, creative and charismatic leader. Acclaimed for his sensational ascents of Nanda Kot and Annapurna III, he belongs to the exclusive band of three climbers in the world to have survived three consecutive nights at about 28,000 ft., two without oxygen.
He is internationally renowned for his spectacular leadership of world’s fourth (India's first) successful expedition to Mount Everest in 1965 for his masterly leadership of the biggest, longest, top secret and most unique INDIA USA CLIMBING CUM ESPIONAGE EXPEDITIONS to Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot from 1965 to 1967 -soon to become the plot of Hollywood and Bollywood movies for becoming the first man in the world to conceive and personally promote Himalayan Trekking in over 50 countries, from 1968 to 1975 and for founding the Himalayan Environment Trust in 1989 with Sir Edmund Hillary as Patron, leading Himalayan legends as Trustees and himself as Chairman, to save the Himalayas from brink of disaster.
In India, besides taking mountaineering to new heights, he will be always remembered for turning the ITB Police into a formidable mountaineering force, for introducing women to mountaineering, for starting white-water rafting, hang gliding, hover crafting, sport climbing, camel safaris, charters to Goa and for taking host of other initiatives. The secret of his incredible exploits was his even more incredible childhood. During the first 16 years of his life in the British Rule at Nalwa’s Haripur, in the North West Frontier, along the mighty Indus, Himalayan and Karakoram ranges, bordering Afghanistan, China and Russia, he had faced more challenges than in his post-Independence era. He rose from ashes to become Father of Indian Adventure and to carve out a spectacular career of 42 years spanning the Indian Navy, ITB Police and Air India.
He is the only sportsman in India under whose leadership his entire Everest team, brimming with exemplary team spirit, was decorated with the highest sports award of Arjuna. His numerous national and international honours include India's third highest award of Padma Bhushan. His golden moment came on 8 September, 1965 when he was invited to address Members of Parliament of both the Houses. Through his 28 books and his unique adventure-based THE LEGEND INN GROUP OF HOTELS at Delhi, Nagpur and Goa, Captain Kohli continues to spread the spirit of Adventure and Himalayan Conservation.