Captain M.S. Kholi (INDIA)
First man in the world to introduce trekking in the himalayas
Internationally renowned Himalayan mountaineer, Captain Manmohan Singh Kohli is best known as leader of the epoch-making Indian Everest Expedition 1965 which electrified the nation. Nine climbers reached the summit creating a world record which India held for 17 years. Public euphoria reached a crescendo. People danced in the streets. On return of the team from Nepal to India, breaking all protocol, the Prime Minister headed the reception at the airport. In another unprecedented move Arjuna Award for the entire team and Padma Bhushan/ Padma Shree for eleven were immediately announced. His tallest tribute came from none other than the former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi: “The record of Commander Kohli’s expedition will find special mention in history. It was a masterpiece of planning, organization, teamwork, individual effort and leadership”. A full length film on the expedition with music by Shankar Jaikishan was released all over India and abroad. The story of the spectacular achievement was serialized in several national newspapers and magazines. The leader, with some members, was felicitated at Brussels, Paris, Geneva and Rome. Tenzing accompanied Captain Kohli to several countries. In India, Chief Ministers of almost all the States invited the team to their capitals and honoured it at State and Civic receptions. Adventure clubs and Himalayan expeditions multiplied several fold triggering national resurgence.